Get Ready for Basic Training

Basic Training

Basic training provides the knowledge that is common to all trades and elements, and develops a military state of mind and behavior, the mental and physical endurance and the combat skills necessary for the profession of arms. The training is physically, mentally and morally demanding and lays its foundation on the fundamental values of the Canadian Armed Forces: Duty, Loyalty, Integrity and Courage.

For Non-Commissioned Members: Basic Military Qualification (BMQ)

  • Length: 12 weeks
  • Objective: Provide the knowledge that is common to all trades and elements and produce non-commissioned members that are able to operate in a small team 

For Officers: Basic Military Officer Qualification (BMOQ)

  • Length: Two seven-week modules (depending on the entry plan, candidates will either conduct these modules back-to-back or over two consecutive summers)
  • Objective: Provide the knowledge that is common to all trades and elements and prepare future officers to effectively lead small teams in simple operations in both garrison and austere field conditions

Content of the BMQ and BMOQ

  • Drill
  • First Aid
  • Weapons Handling
  • Physical Training
  • Topography
  • Field Training
  • Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Defence
  • Force Protection Operations
  • Canadian Armed Forces Regulations and Orders
  • Communication
  • Military History
  • Leadership (BMOQ only)
  • Military Planning (BMOQ only)

Daily Routine

  • 05:00 am: Wake up
  • 05:10 am: Morning physical training
  • 06:30 am: Breakfast
  • 07:00 am: Inspection
  • 08:00 am: Instruction
  • 11:30 am: Lunch
  • 12:30 pm: Instruction
  • 05:00 pm: Dinner
  • 06:00 pm: Maintenance of military kit and quarters
  • 11:00 pm: Lights out

Things you need to know

  • The course is composed of 62% of classroom training with study and theoretical exams; 25% of field training with practical exams; and 13% is devoted to physical training. Types of physical training: running, weight training (machines), obstacle course, forced marches, circuit training, in-pool training. It is very important to have proper running shoes.
  • For Non-Commissioned Members: If you are single, you must pay rations and quarters throughout your stay at the School at a cost of $627.80 per month. If you are married/common-law, you must pay rations at a cost of $527.87 per month. This will be deducted directly from your pay.
  • For Officers: If you are single, you must pay rations and quarters throughout your stay at the School at a cost of $648.41 per month. If you are married/common-law, you must pay rations at a cost of $527.87 per month. This will be deducted directly from your pay. 
  • During the first five weeks of training, you will not be able to leave the military base or receive visitors. After this initial period, permission to leave on the weekend will be granted depending upon your training performance. Visitors are not permitted during the week at any time throughout the course.
  • Phones can be used on weeknights after training has concluded but no earlier than 6:00 pm. Reasonable usage should be restricted to communications with family and friends; other devices such as MP3s, iPods, iPads, laptops, etc., may be authorized during the weekends in garrison if there is no training scheduled and if performance has been judged adequate by the instructors.
  • If you request a voluntary release, you will have to return to your home or place of enrolment at your own expense. Additionally, if you have personal effects in storage, it will be your responsibility to cover the costs of removing them from storage. You will also have to expect 2 to 4 weeks for administrative procedures to be completed before you may return home. (This applies only if no major problems are encountered with your administrative file and/or no disciplinary actions are pending).

Initial Physical Fitness Evaluation

During the first week of basic training, candidates will undergo a physical fitness evaluation that will determine if they can go on with their Basic Military Qualification (BMQ) or Basic Military Officer Qualification (BMOQ) course.

The initial physical fitness evaluation will consist of the FORCE Evaluation. Watch the videos of the four components of the FORCE Evaluation on the Personnel Support Programs (PSP) web page.

You must achieve the standard for all of the four components of the FORCE Evaluation in order to go on with your BMQ/BMOQ course.

If you do not meet the standard of one or more of the four items, you will join a specialized fitness training program that is also offered at the Canadian Forces Leadership and Recruit School (CFLRS). The program integrates overall health coaching, diet and a rigorous personalized fitness program that lasts a minimum of 28 calendar days and a maximum of 90 calendar days. From the moment you achieve the standard of the four components after the 28-day period, you are reintegrated onto a BMQ/BMOQ course. If unsuccessful at the end of 90 calendar days, you will be released from the CAF.