Non-Article 5 NATO Medal for Operations in the Balkans

Context

On 14 December 1995, the North Atlantic Council launched Operation JOINT ENDEAVOUR, the largest military operation ever undertaken by the Alliance. Based on UN Security Council Resolution 1031, NATO was given the mandate to implement the military aspects of the Peace Agreement. A NATO-led multinational force, called the Implementation Force (IFOR), started its mission on 20 December 1995. IFOR was given a one-year mandate.

After the peaceful conduct of the September 1996 elections, IFOR successfully completed its mission of implementing the military annexes of the General Framework Agreement for Peace. However, it was clear that much remained to be accomplished on the civil side and that the political environment would continue to be potentially unstable and insecure. On 25 & 26 September, one week after the Bosnian elections, NATO Defence Ministers concluded that the Alliance needed to re-assess how it might continue to provide support for the establishment of a secure environment after the end of IFOR's mandate in December. The role of IFOR (Operation JOINT ENDEAVOUR) was to implement the peace. The role of SFOR (Operation JOINT GUARD / Operation JOINT FORGE) is to stabilise the peace. The difference between the tasks of IFOR and SFOR is reflected in their names.

On 12 December 1996, SFOR was authorised to implement the military aspects of the Peace Agreement as the legal successor to IFOR. Like IFOR, SFOR operates under Chapter VII of the UN Charter (peace enforcement).

Eligibility & Criteria

Awarded for 30 days continuous or 60 days cumulative service on the land or in the air spaces of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslavia (including Kosovo), Albania, and the Former Republic of Macedonia, between 1 January 2003 and ending on 29 March 2010 for service under Operation BRONZE.

Service under Operation KOBOLD qualifies for this medal from August 2008 to the present.

Aircrew will accumulate one day’s service for the first sortie flown of any day in the Area of Operation; additional sorties flown on the same day receive no further credit. This requirement exists for support as well as combat aircraft, support aircraft including tanker, airlift and surveillance platforms.

This medal replaces the NATO medals for the Former-Yugoslavia, Kosovo and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

Description

The Medal is circular in form and made of bronze, and bearing:

on the obverse, the NATO star set in a wreath of olive leaves; and

on the reverse, the title "North Atlantic Treaty Organization" and the words "In the service of peace and freedom" in English and French.

A 12mm bronze ring, which holds the ribbon, passes through a small hollow ball at the top of a claw joined to the top of the medal.

The ribbon is NATO-blue ribbon with two white stripes centered on the two outer thirds of the ribbon, with a silver stripe in the center of each white stripe. The white represents peace and the silver signifies that the operation was ordered in accordance with another article that the Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty.

 

Bar(s)

The medal is always issued with a bar. Medals issued until 31 December 2010 had a bar inscribed "NON ARTICLE 5" while those issued from 1 January 2011 onwards have a bar inscribed "BALKANS".

Wearing

The medal shall be worn on the left breast, suspended from the ribbon described above, after the NATO Article 5 Medal for OP ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR and before the Non-Article 5 Medal for service with the NATO Training Implementation Mission and the NATO Training Mission in Iraq (NTM-IRAQ) in the sequence prescribed by the Canadian Orders, Decorations and Medals Directive.

The bar is worn centered on the ribbon.

Postnominals

The use of a post-nominal is not authorized for this medal.

Historical Notes

This medal replaces the NATO medals for Former-Yugoslavia, Kosovo and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

With the creation of this medal, NATO has abolished the practice of issuing tour numerals to recognize more than one tour with NATO forces. The Non-Article 5 Medal will be issued once to recognize all service in the Balkans, regardless of the number of tours a member serves.

NATO no longer recognizes service in support areas such as Italy, Greece, Hungary and Austria as qualifying time towards the Non-Article 5 Medal. A member must serve thirty days in the theatre of operations to qualify for the medal.

The following is a list of members who have died while serving in the theatre of operations:

Cpl Vermeulen J.D.

Pte Johnson A.D.

PO 2 Morissette J.S.

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